Meteor Shower Calendar 2023: Dates and Times | Is There a Meteor Shower Tonight | The Old Farmer's Almanac

Meteor Showers Calendar 2023: Times and Dates

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Edmund Weiss painting. An artist's depiction of the Leonid meteor shower in 1833, which produced one of the most spectacular displays in history.

An artist’s depiction of the Leonid meteor shower in 1833, which produced one of the most spectacular displays in history.

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Edmund Weiss

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Is there a meteor shower tonight?

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When’s the next meteor shower? See the Almanac’s 2023 Meteor Shower Calendar for the best viewing times, number of shooting stars per hour, and viewing tips for all the year’s major meteor showers.

2023 Meteor Shower Calendar

The dates of major meteor showers do not change much from year to year, though the shower’s peak (or “maximum”) may vary by a day or two. We’ve listed these peak dates in the table below, along with the average number of meteors to expect to see per hour (in prime conditions) and the best viewing time for each shower. More detailed information about each meteor shower can be found below the table.

Find viewing tips for the two biggest meteor showers here: the Perseid Meteor Shower and the Geminid Meteor Shower.

Principal Meteor Showers
QuadrantidPredawnNJan. 3–425
LyridPredawnSApr. 21–2210Thatcher
Eta AquaridPredawnSEMay 4–510Halley
Delta AquaridPredawnSJuly 29-3010
PerseidPredawnNEAug. 11–1350Swift-Tuttle
DraconidLate eveningNWOct. 8–106Giacobini-Zinner
OrionidPredawnSOct. 20–2115Halley
Northern TauridLate eveningSNov. 11–123Encke
LeonidPredawnSNov. 16–1810Tempel-Tuttle
AndromedidLate eveningSNov. 25–275Biela
GeminidAll nightNEDec. 13–1475
UrsidPredawnNDec. 21–225Tuttle
*May vary by one or two days    **Moonless, rural sky    Bold = most prominent
  • “Predawn” means between midnight and about an hour before morning twilight. This is the best time to view most major showers.
  • “Late evening” means approximately between 10 p.m. and midnight (or a little past).

Meteor Showers of 2023

Quadrantids | January 3–4, 2023

In the right conditions, the Quadrantids are one of the year’s best meteor showers, as they feature an average of 25 meteors per hour at their peak. The Quadrantids’ peak is relatively short, lasting from about midnight to dawn, but the volume of meteors makes the experience worthwhile.

In 2023, the Moon will be 92% full, obscuring the fainter meteors. Your best bet is to view after the Moon sets on the 4th of January, just before dawn. See your Moon rise and set times.

Lyrids | April 21–22, 2023

The Lyrids peak on the night of April 21–22, 2023, when you can expect to see an average of 10 meteors per hour in dark, clear skies. Rarely, the Lyrids produce surges of up to 100 meteors per hour. This meteor shower is visible from both the Northern and Southern Hemisphere but is much more active in the Northern Hemisphere, where the meteors’ radiant is high in the sky.

In 2023, the Moon will only be 9% full during the Lyrids’ peak, setting early in the night sky. This means dark skies for what should be an excellent show!

Eta Aquarids | May 4–5, 2023

The debris from Halley’s Comet creates the Eta Aquarids! This meteor shower is most spectacular in the Southern Hemisphere, where the meteors’ radiant is higher in the sky. Eta Aquarids are often seen closer to the horizon in the Northern Hemisphere. 

In 2023, the Eta Aquarids happen during a full Moon. The moonshine will make the shooting stars more difficult to see. Try watching the mornings of May 5, 6, and 7, 2023, in the hours before dawn.

Delta Aquarids | July 29–30, 2023

The Delta Aquarids get their name from the constellation Aquarius, which they appear to emanate from. A weaker shower, the Delta Aquarids typically peak in late July and produce between 10 and 20 meteors per hour around this time. A truly dark sky offers the best chance of seeing the Delta Aquarids, as they tend not to be as bright as some of the other meteor showers.

In 2023, the nearly-full Moon (95% full) will obscure most of the fainter meteors.

Perseids | August 11–13, 2023

The Perseids are one of the best meteor showers to observe, with over 50 meteors per hour at its peak! Plus, we can all enjoy seasonable August nights. 

In 2023, we are excited to report that the great Perseids will be unobstructed by the Moon’s glare; the Moon phase is only 10% full.

See our complete guide to the Perseid meteor shower.

Draconids | October 8–10, 2023

The Draconids aren’t the bigger show of the year, but they do mark the start of a busy season of meteor showers. After the Draconids, a shower happens every one to two weeks until late December.

The second quarter moon will darken the skies in the early evening for what should be a good show. The best viewing will be in the early evening from a dark location far away from city lights. 

In 2023, the shower will peak close to the new Moon, so moonlight will present minimal interference. The best time to watch the Draconids is early evening on October 8.

Orionids | October 20–21, 2023

The Orionids are named after one of the most recognizable constellations in the sky, Orion, from which these meteors appear to radiate. Often featuring some of the brightest and fastest streaking stars, the Orionids appear in mid-October and peak in the hours before dawn on October 21. 

In 2023, the Orionids will be visible. Though the Moon is 37% full (close to First Quarter), it sets around midnight, leaving dark skies for what could be a good show. 

Leonids | November 17–18, 2023

The Leonids is typically an average shower with 10 to 15 shooting stars per hour, but on rare occasions, they have been known to produce “meteor storms,” which result in thousands of meteors streaking across the sky. (We do not expect meteor storms this year.)

In 2023, the Moon will be 23% full. However, it will set before midnight, leaving dark skies for what should be a good show. Look after midnight through the early morning.

Geminids | December 13–14, 2023

The Geminids are THE biggest meteor shower of the year, and the shooting stars streak across the sky the entire night with 75 meteors per hour at its peak. Plus, it gets dark early, so you don’t have to stay up until the early hours to see the king of the meteor showers.

In 2023, the peak is near the new Moon. It’s going to be a GREAT year for the Geminids! Plan ahead to ensure you’re someplace with very dark skies.

See our complete guide to the Geminid meteor shower.

Perseid meteor shower

Meteor Showers Viewing Tips

  • The most common question is, “Where can I see the meteor showers?” The answer is: ANYWHERE in the sky! During a meteor shower, meteors can appear anywhere, not just near their radiant. (The radiant is the location in the sky from which the paths of meteors in a meteor shower appear to originate from our perspective on Earth. 
    For example, the constellation Perseus is the radiant for the Perseids meteor shower; the constellation Leo, the Leonids.) As far as viewing location on Earth, several major meteor showers can be seen in both Hemispheres, but others might be better seen in one or the other, depending on how far above or below the horizon the radiant is located. The Ursids, for example, are essentially seen only in the Northern Hemisphere, as the radiant is too far north of the equator for good viewing in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • When are meteor showers? See the chart above for the “date of maximum,” which lists the peak of each meteor shower (when the shooting stars will be most frequent). The time of the year for each shower is determined by when it crosses the stream of meteoroids in Earth’s orbit.
  • What time can I see the meteor showers? See the chart above for the best viewing time. In nearly all showers, the radiant is highest just before dawn, but any time between midnight and dawn gives you a view of most meteors head-on for a more frequent display. 
    Starting around midnight, your location on the globe spins around to the forward-facing half of Earth (in relation to the direction of the orbit). At dawn, your location on the globe directly faces the direction in which Earth is traveling along its orbit. 
    • Note: the Geminid meteor shower is visible all night long, since Gemini appears just an hour or two after nightfall; the radiant is highest a little after midnight. 
  • Where to look? The best place to start is between the radiant and the zenith (straight above you in the sky). (Once again, the radiant is where the meteors appear to start from.) See the “point of origin” above. 
  • How to look? You don’t need any special equipment. In fact, binoculars do not work well for meteor showers. The naked eye is your best tool!

Dark Skies, Clear Skies Needed!

  • The sky needs to be dark, away from all the city lights. Try to get to a viewing site as far as possible from bright lights. This may require planning—for a country drive or a campout.
  • Bright moonlight, within a few days of a full Moon, will reduce the number of meteors you will see. Check our Full Moon Chart.
  • Obviously, the weather needs to cooperate so that the skies are clear.
  • Look for a location with a wide-open view of the sky, free from obstructions like tall trees or buildings.
  • Spend about 20 minutes outside for your eyes to fully adjust to the darkness of the night sky.
  • Spread a blanket on the ground and get cozy!

For more information, click here to read our article, What are Meteor Showers: Facts About Shooting Stars.